lolfuys OP t1_j4jfudj wrote

A link to the study:

>. Functional assessment of human OA chondrocytes showed the acquisition of progenitor-like immature phenotype by a significant subset of cells. Finally, conditional deletion of Stat3 in cartilage cells increased DNMT3B expression in articular chondrocytes in the knee joint in vivo and resulted in a more prominent OA progression in a post-traumatic OA (PTOA) mouse model induced by destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). Taken together these data reveal a novel role for STAT3 in regulating DNA methylation in cartilage development and disease. Our findings also suggest that elevated levels of active STAT3 in OA chondrocytes may indicate an intrinsic attempt of the tissue to regenerate by promoting a progenitor-like phenotype. However, it is likely that chronic activation of this pathway, induced by IL-6 cytokines, is detrimental and leads to tissue degeneration.


lolfuys OP t1_j2ektk9 wrote

Interesting to say the least.

> Here we studied the role of the serotonin 2C receptor (5-HT2CR) in weight regulation and behavior. Using exome sequencing of 2,548 people with severe obesity and 1,117 control individuals without obesity, we identified 13 rare variants in the gene encoding 5-HT2CR (HTR2C) in 19 unrelated people (3 males and 16 females). Eleven variants caused a loss of function in HEK293 cells. All people who carried variants had hyperphagia and some degree of maladaptive behavior.

The gene variant seems to be associated with loss of function with serotonin receptors. These people are most likely maladaptively coping to help their lack of serotonin.